When couples struggle with infertility, many assume it is due to the woman’s body. In fact, male factors are responsible for about one-third of infertility cases. The reproductive specialists at Sher Fertility Institute New York in Manhattan share everything you need to know about male fertility.

When a couple comes in for their first fertility consultation at Sher Fertility Institute, our doctors will test both partners to see if a cause can be pinpointed. In order to test for male infertility, a sperm analysis will be performed to examine sperm concentration, motility, and the percent of normal sperm.

Reasons that an analysis may come back abnormal:

  • Urological surgeries in the past
  • History of undescended testicles
  • Trauma to the testicles
  • Infection
  • Medications
  • Drug use
  • Alcohol use
  • Smoking/tobacco use
  • Decreased libido
  • High heat exposure, such as in saunas and hot tubs
  • Obesity

After the cause has been determined, treatment options will be discussed in order to help you and your partner conceive successfully. Treatment plans for male infertility may include:

  • Fertility medication
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Surgery
  • Getting within a normal weight range
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Vitamins to improve sperm quality

If treatment is not successful for the male partner, Sher Fertility Institute New York can still help you grow your family. Our doctors are experienced in helping couples with a diagnosis of male infertility conceive via intrauterine insemination (IUI) if there are mild semen analysis anomalies, or if not through in vitro fertilization (IVF) augmented with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for moderate and severe cases with low sperm count, motility and/or morphology.